[6] Lohrberg bezieht sich in seinen Ideenvorbildern auch auf die Gartenstadt, ein Städtebau-Modell von Ebenezer Howard (1898).[7]. Urban Agriculture. Urban agriculture refers to agricultural practices in urban areas and their surrounding regions (peri-urban), and is a centralized operation involving horticulture, animal husbandry, aquaculture, and other practices for producing fresh food or other agricultural products. 1st urban revolution. Resource needs for a socially just and sustainable urban agriculture system: Lessons from New York City. Emerged in 19th century in US, Europe to feed urban, industrial workforce. Urban agriculture creates local jobs. Indeed, the growing demand for safe, local food is leading to increased opportunity for local food start-ups, which is in turn fueling job creation. any substance that can be eaten or drunk … for nutrition or pleasure”. via farming, livestock-rearing or fish-farming. Zwar dienen diese beiden Formen nicht der Nahrungsmittelproduktion, unterstützen aber bereits – quasi im Nebeneffekt – die städtische Lebensqualität durch ihre Sauerstoffproduktion, die gleichzeitige Verringerung des CO2 – Anteils durch Photosynthese, die Anfeuchtung der Atemluft durch Verdunstung, die Staubfilterung, die Lärmschutzwirkung durch Schalldämmung, die günstige Beeinflussung des Mikroklimas etc. Agriculture. people at all times have both physical and economic access to sufficient food Urban farming ist ein moderner Aspekt der alten Idee der Subsistenzwirtschaft. Farming System: recognition of different techniques of managing land, water, seeds, etc. Kaum ein Stadtbild kommt ohne Pflanzen aus, diese dienen allerdings bisher in den meisten Fällen nichtproduktiven Zwecken. Kontakt. Under-nutrition takes different forms—macro or : Access to the means to get access to food, usually either through land and ability to grow it or income (cash) and ability to buy it on markets (or other distribution mechanism, i.e., rights-based relief. Sitemap. Der Begriff ist in neuerer Zeit von Frank Lohrberg (RWTH Aachen)[3] geprägt worden, um die landwirtschaftliche Nutzung in der sogenannten Zwischenstadt und in Verdichtungsräumen (Grüngürtel Frankfurt, Ruhrgebiet) zu beschreiben. March 2014. Bei prognostizierten 9,5 Milliarden Erdbewohnern im Jahre 2050 und einem Existenz-Minimum von 6.280 kJ (= 1.500 kcal) pro Tag, müsste die herkömmliche landwirtschaftliche Fläche zusätzlich um 850 Millionen Hektar wachsen. urban agriculture oder urban farming) ist ein Oberbegriff für verschiedene Weisen der primären Lebensmittelproduktion in städtischen (urbanen) Ballungsgebieten und deren unmittelbarer Umgebung für den Eigenbedarf der jeweiligen Region. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has defined urban agriculture as:[12] The definition of urban agriculture as an industry that responds to the nutritional demands of a city, from within that city, with the use and reuse of that city's resources while acknowledging economic and resou… Réforme de la politique agricole commune et agriculture périurbaine / Mathieu Simon… (et al.). to meet their dietary needs for a productive and health life.” 3 inter-related The intentional, Western science-based intensification of maize, wheat, potatoes, and rice yields (in Asia and Latin America in particular). Urbane Landwirtschaft erlebt in den letzten Jahren wieder erwachendes Interesse aufgrund folgender Aspekte: Neben der (Teil-)Versorgung mit lokal angebauten Produkten hat das Gärtnern in der Stadt noch weitere Effekte: Verbesserung des städtischen Mikroklimas, Beitrag zur Artenvielfalt, nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung sowie Bildung und Sensibilisierung für nachhaltige Lebensstile. The growing awareness of community and public health issues, the benefits of green space, the economic development potential of small-scale specialty farming enterprises, and fears about food security have combined to provide a groundswell of support for small-scale, sustainable urban agriculture efforts in many cities and counties across the country. September 6, 2016 – Urban Agriculture Strategy – Draft Terms of Reference BACKGROUND The Urban Agriculture Strategy project was initiated as a result of two resolutions of Council. Public Health, 129(4), 336-341. Urban Agriculture - Research. Ein Anfang ist … Food “any substance that can be eaten or drunk … for nutrition or pleasure”  (from Wikipedia). of biological factors (utilization, disease, demand, human activity)  & entitlements (intra-household STATEWIDE. Scientific breeding of hybrid plant varieities plus fossil-fueld based fertilizer, chemical pesticides & herbicides, and irrigation. 1960s onward. Interest is high in urban agriculture, with many not-for-profits, businesses, municipalities, and individuals launching urban agriculture ventures. Entitlements: Access to the means to get access to food, usually either through land and ability to grow it or income (cash) and ability to buy it on markets (or other distribution mechanism, i.e., rights-based relief. Die Idee geht aber auf Überlegungen zur städtischen Nahrungsproduktion in den 1920er Jahren von Leberecht Migge zurück. Urbanization (or urbanisation) refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas, and the ways in which societies adapt to this change. subsistence, storage and distribution systems). What does urban agriculture mean? Peri-urban agriculture may have different characteristics. Practices that erode these foundations of agriculture are not sustainable over the long term. Recognizes different agro-ecological characteristics of a place: the ‘ecological”--soil, elevation, rainfall, local and introduced plants, animals, diversity, other natural inputs (ash, silt), in relation to human preferences, technology, and management systems (i.e., “agri”). Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. [8] Zudem schließt, wie eingangs erwähnt, urbane Landwirtschaft auch wenigstens theoretisch die Zucht von (Klein)vieh in städtischem Gebiet explizit mit ein. 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